Happy New Year, everyone! I hope you all have a great 2020! We’ve just finished the subtitles for a new video by Daehaeng Kun Sunim, and as these go, this is a pretty important one, because it’s the very basics of how we can free ourselves from karma and habits, and take a new direction in life. (There’s also another video we found, that, to be honest, I don’t remember what it was used for, lol.)
It’s not particularly complicated, but as most simple things, it takes effort over time for it to really pay off. The parallels with weight lifting and school always leave me shaking my head. It’s always effort x time. Once you start doing that, then big lumps of gunk will sometimes all dissolve in a flash, but we still have to keep working at it. And once you’ve been at it for a while, you’ll wonder what took you so long to get moving!
I’m trying to write a foreword for our latest English collection of Dharma talks, and happened to take a look at one of our earlier books. (Okay, I couldn’t think of anything good to say, so I looked at an older book for inspiration! Lol.) It turns out that the foreword was actually quite nice just on its own, so I decided to post it here. The book it’s from is advertised as Dharma talks about children, but that’s only a portion of the contents. The overall talks are a great teaching for anyone, regardless of age or whether or not you have children.
(from the Foreword) One day I happened to meet Daehaeng Kun Sunim as she walked out into the main courtyard of the Seon Center. There were two or three young children playing there, chasing each other and yelling with abandon. They probably lived in the neighborhood, and had found a wide-open space for their games. But they were being kind of noisy in the heart of the temple, and one of the sunims with us grumbled about it.
But Kun Sunim spoke up, saying, “I think it’s beautiful.”
Even now, twenty years later, I still remember this.
It showed me an aspect beyond the surface, the noisy kids, beyond the temporary disruption, and nudged me towards a more complete picture. For play is a sign of healthy kids. It’s good for them, and it’s a pretty good world where kids have the time and energy, and safety, to run and shout.
There’s an expression in Korean, that when the headwaters of a stream are clean, the water downstream will be as well. It flows from the top. If the parents are working diligently at entrusting everything to the fundamental, awakened true nature within us, which is also the connection we all share, then as they get a sense of this, their connection with their children opens up and becomes more vibrant. The children in turn respond to this, and as this energy flows back and forth, parents have a better sense of what they need to be doing.
Thus, while Daehaeng Kun Sunim often encourages parents to teach their children about this practice of relying upon our foundation, she spends most of her time talking with the parents, encouraging them to work on their half of things.
To be honest, there’s only so much parents can do. Children come into this world with their own personality, history, and karma. As any parent can testify, beyond a certain point, you can’t really make children do much. Yelling and threatening are always temptations, but even when they yield results, everyone involved is often left feeling a little terrible.
Instead, as we begin to discover the light within us, our own inherent teacher, then we begin to get a better sense of the situation, and how to respond effectively. We begin to see what we can do to help bring forth this light in others. And as our own light begins to shine forth, children too begin to sense this. They learn from how we respond to them, but they also learn from how we treat others and how we respond to the things that come up in our life.
In addition to the need for parents to work on their own spiritual practice, Daehaeng Kun Sunim also answers questions in these Dharma talks about prenatal care and education, and specific issues between parents and children. Because fetuses and young children are changing so rapidly, the positive influences they receive at this time are magnified throughout their life, so to her, this was an excellent opportunity to help deepen a child’s potential for spiritual growth.
When the energy of our own fundamental Buddha nature shines bright, then it can automatically connect with and support the people in our lives. And as children experience the taste of this energy, that becomes a standard, an idea of what’s possible, and so they don’t easily fall into dark paths. And while the topic of this book is children and parents, this is also true for the people around us.
When our hearts and spirits are bright, that light shines on everyone we encounter. And while we’ll likely never know the effects of this, just by being in the world, we can be a source of hope and compassion for others, whether they be our children, parents, or just passing by on the sidewalk.
Here’s a short Dharma talk from volume 82 of Hanmaum Journal.
The Path to Nirvana
When others do something wrong, it’s easy to feel resentment and even hatred towards them. Yet everything you experience happens because you are present in the world; if you weren’t here, how could you have met those people? So just set aside who did what, and reflect upon the fact that you too contributed to that situation. This is the way to discover yourself, and the wonderful path to Nirvana. Here on this path there is no need for worrying about cutting off delusions or flaws. For there is no place for reasons and judgments to stick to. So why do we need to cling to those? If you are caught up in “that is right,” “this is best,” then your practice has already gone astray.
Woohoo! We’ve finally got a new subtitled video Dharma talk up! This one addresses the issue of memorial ceremonies, and ceremonies to help the dead move forward (Cheondo jae). In this video, that got translated as “spirit-guiding ceremony”. Part of me thinks I must have been tired to let it go as that (it sounds a bit clunky), but, on the other hand, that’s a very accurate description. The more I think about this, the more I wonder if the topic doesn’t need a larger introduction. Anyway, as is, there’s a lot of good stuff here, but be sure to ask questions in the comments if you have them.
Here is the next interview in the ongoing plan to post the English articles that have appeared in Hanmaum Journal.
“Becoming a Sunim Was The Best Decision I Ever Made – An Interview with Chong Hyu Sunim“
Chong Hyu Sunim has helped with the memorial pagodas at the Gwangmyeong Seon Center for many years now, and if you visit and see people working among the pagodas, he’ll often be one of them. This interview was first published in Hanmaum Journal, in issue #101, August-September 2018.
Karmic Affinity with Kun Sunim
I was born in a small village near an old Silla Dynasty
temple, which often became the playground for me and the neighborhood kids.
Sometimes, in my dreams, I would be living there and practicing with the
sunims. When I think about it, it may not be an accident that I was born in the
neighboring village. More than once I’ve wondered if I lived there in a past
Eventually, my family moved to Seoul, and then about ten
years afterwards we moved to Suwon. One day as I was riding the subway up to
Seoul for school, as we passed through Gwanak Station, I saw a temple with a
bright, golden pagoda on the roof, and thought to myself that I should go visit
some time. Then one day, my sister-in-law took me to the temple she attended,
and it was that same temple! It was the Anyang Hanmaum Seon Center. I was so
surprised. It was the last day of 1991, December 31.
When we got to the Seon Center, we were able to go meet Kun
Sunim. The people who were waiting to speak with her filled the room. If the
person in front of Kun Sunim had a sad question and was crying, then Kun Sunim
was crying too. If they had a happy question or said something funny, she was
laughing with them. It was really interesting to see and kind of surprising. It
felt like she was completely in tune with the person she was speaking with. Kun
Sunim was kind of short, but the feeling she left me with was so huge!
That was how I started coming to the Seon Center. Not long after, at the third Sunday Dharma talk in April (1992), the audio recording of Kun Sunim’s translation of The Thousand Hands Sutra (chanted by Bo Won Sunim) was unveiled. They played it at about 9am for those people who’d come to get seats for the Dharma talk, and I almost immediately started crying. I cried throughout the Dharma talk, and had no idea why! I was embarrassed to be crying like that, but I couldn’t stop. It was years before I fully understood why I had cried so much.
Around the time I was 24 or 25, I began to occasionally tell
my mother that in my next life I was going to become a sunim. It was what I
wanted to do in this life, I guess, but if I said I was going to do it in my
next life, then my mother couldn’t really object!
However, around the time I was 29, I’d seen Kun Sunim that
day, and felt strongly that I wanted to become a sunim. I told my mother, and
after a moment’s thought, she just said, “okay”! I still think that becoming a
monk is the best decision I’ve ever made.
The Karmic Affinity We Make
About ten years ago, an
anti-aircraft missile base was established nearby (the Gwangmyeong Seon
Center). Some of the soldiers would attend the Dharma talks and services here,
and among them would be one- or two-star generals. One of the things I learned
from talking with soldiers is that their career paths can be unpredictable. A
person may be advancing upwards getting promotion after promotion, and then
suddenly just stop, and never get a promotion again.
Well, near that base there’d been an
ugly battle during the Korean war, with a lot of people killed in the fighting.
I suggested to the two-star general that it would be a good idea if they held a
cheondo ceremony to help those who’d died move forward on their own path. He
immediately agreed, and arranged for the ceremony and for our sunims to hold
It took place in June, and we’d had
continuous rain for weeks. However, when we came to a part in the ceremony that
required everyone to go outside, the sun came out and the rain disappeared.
That part of the ceremony lasted for about ten minutes, and after it was
finished and we’d gone back inside, the rain started again! It definitely made
you stop and think!
About six months later, that general
received his third star, and was made a general of the Army. A bit later he
received his fourth star, and was made deputy commander of UN forces in Korea.
Later I came to find out that he’d also been central to the efforts to find and
recover the remains of soldiers missing in the Korean War. I suspect that his
promotions and his rapid rise didn’t just happen!
I did ceremonies and gave Dharma
talks at army bases for around eight years. Usually there’d be between 70 and
100 soldiers attending the talk, and a lot of them found Kun Sunim’s teachings
to be helpful in dealing with the stuff of their daily life. As you can
imagine, there’s always some soldiers who look like they’re sleeping, but there
are also others who are paying close attention, with bright eyes taking in
Meeting together like that is also
forming the seeds of karmic affinity. One of the soldiers was having a lot of
trouble with army life, and it looked like he was going to get kicked out for
mental instability. After talking with him, I told him to often entrust the
thought that “Juingong! I’ll always remember that you are my foundation!” He
did this, and was able to complete his military service and receive an
We also have several “Temple Stay”
style sessions for students at our center down here, and at one of those, I met
a first year college student who was circling the Dharma hall with tears in his
eyes. I had a chance to talk with him, and he said he was circling the Dharma
hall out of gratitude for having learned about this practice and being able to
apply it to his life. Karmic affinity, these kinds of karmic connections, are
so precious! That said, ultimately, we have to go beyond even karmic affinity.
Taking Care of the Pagodas
I’ve been helping manage the memorial pagodas at the
Gwangmyeong Seon Center for the last seven or eight years now. One of the
things about this job, is that you need to do it with your whole heart. You
have to be completely sincere with anything you do. Kun Sunim also said this to
us. You have to think of everyone else’s ancestors as if they were your own.
It’s so spread out that we can’t use hand tools to cut the
grass, and the mower weighs about 300 kilos, so it’s not easy to move around
the spaces between the pagodas or the inclines. You also have to be careful
about any rocks or metal that might be deep in the grass.
Sometimes people think that everything is finished and taken
care off once they’ve set up a pagoda and have a cheondo ceremony, but that’s
not always the case. One fellow was a professor at a big university, and had
arranged for a pagoda for his ancestors. (Translator:
There are no remains stored in these, just paper tablets with the names of the
deceased. After cremation, the remains are spread on a large river in the area,
where they can flow down to the sea.)
But even afterwards he continued to suffer from debilitating headaches,
where he felt as if his skull was being slowly ripped apart. Well, as part of
setting up the pagoda, he was having his family graves exhumed and the bones
cremated. When they dug up his father’s grave, they found a tree root had grown
through it, and into his father’s skull. After cremating the bones, his
headaches completely vanished.
(Translator: Ideally, the remains of
family members are cremated because cremation makes it much easier for people
to move on. Throughout our lives we tend to think of this body as “me,” and
because this habit is so ingrained, for many people it continues after death as
well. But when the body too is gone, they tend to have an easier time letting
go of this clinging.)
I also had a family pagoda set up about fifteen years ago.
After the ceremony for this, I had a dream in which my ancestors were flowing
out of the mountains, and happily exclaiming, “We’re going to Hanyang!” (Hanyang was the old name for Seoul, and
for someone from deep in the countryside, it represented a bit of a mythical
place where the king lived, where everyone was rich, and life was good.)
They really seemed happy about it!
So, as part of this, about four years ago, I set about
excavating my great-great grandmother’s grave. I had to climb for about five
hours up a mountain before I finally got to the site. It was a really nice
location for a grave, and when I began to dig, the soil was a golden color.
When I finally got down to the coffin, I found that it hadn’t rotted a bit,
even though she was buried 150 years ago. When I opened it, her bones were a
beautiful golden color, and laid out perfectly in the shape of a person (Translator: this often isn’t the case. Many
times the bones have shifted around.)
However, the right side of the coffin had collapsed a bit,
and was pressing down on her right shoulder. I had to laugh when I saw that,
because among my family, there have been a lot of people who’ve had problems
with their right shoulders and arms.
As I’ve worked at helping people locate and exhume old
graves, one of the things I’ve seen time and again, is that families become
more harmonious afterwards.
Although Kun Sunim encouraged people
setting up memorial pagodas to exhume graves and shift the focus to the pagoda,
a lot of families can’t do this, because it takes agreement from everyone in
the extended family. Especially when people are still centered around the idea
that the body is “me,” they have a hard time letting go of attachments to
graves. That’s one reason why this practice of relying upon our fundamental
mind is so precious: We learn to live in tune with this flowing, ever changing
world. This is something I’m always working at.
One of the things
I’ve noticed as I’ve had a chance to meet so many people at the Seon Center is
that everyone agrees on the importance of spiritual practice, but I have to say
that actually using our minds wisely isn’t so easy. It takes a lot of work to
make our thoughts gentle and wise, versus just using our minds roughly or
severely, as often seems our natural inclination.
Kun Sunim once
said that if we create a world of rough and violent thoughts, we’ll end up
becoming an angry spirit. Essentially, if we use our mind like a demon, we’ll
become a demon. People need to be aware of what results from the thoughts they
give rise to, and so use their minds wisely. With a single thought, we create
karmic affinity and send forth this unseen energy of mind that surrounds us.
The people with
the closest, strongest karmic affinity with us are usually our family. They’re family,
but it’s because of our tangled up karmic affinity. What’s tangled up should be
untangled. Just in your one family, just among the few of you, how many
complicated and awkward things have happened? How many new karmic tangles have
been made? All of that should be untangled.
My mother used to say something similar. She always told us to live as if we were untangling a ball of yarn. She’d emphasize “untangle it, don’t chop it up.” This is something everyone can work at. We need to work at it until handling things this way becomes automatic.
You could say
that, in reality, “spiritual practice” is “deep sincerity.” The sunims here
often told me that, and said to do everything with the utmost sincerity until
it becomes such a deep habit that I could never forget it. In doing everything
with the utmost sincerity, we’ll become aware of who we really are. Then when I
laugh, others join in and laugh with me.
One of the things
Daehaeng Kun Sunim emphasized over and over was to always take whatever we
encounter and experience, and entrust that as something we’ve caused. She told
us to see that as something that’s our fault, or that we are at least
responsible for. Her basis for this is the fact that by existing in this world,
we are experiencing the things here. If we hadn’t created all of the karmic
affinity that led to our birth, we also wouldn’t have encountered any of the
rest. So every experience we have is something that we’ve had a role in
I always emphasize
this when speaking with young people. “If you entrust everything as something
you’ve helped create, you’ll be successful in life.” You really will. Members
of our youth group have brought this up later, saying that after they got
married it helped them a lot. “Things were really rough, but we were able to
overcome them.” “I took it as my homework, and was able to work my way through
while entrusting every single thing!
I decided to become a sunim, I had a strange dream. I found myself trying to
walk forward, but all around me was a sea of garbage as high as my chest. With
all my strength, I was barely able to take one step at a time.
a year later, I had a similar dream, but this time the garbage was only as high
as my knees. It was still hard to move forward, but certainly easier than
before. I had one more of these dreams after I finally became a sunim. This
time, there was only a thick layer of dust on the road, and I had no trouble
moving forward. That was the last of those dreams. Dreams are not just dreams,
not too long ago, I had another dream that really made me realize what a
special place the temple is. I was looking at the temple, and there was an
unseen net of energy that completely filled the temple all the way to the main
gate, the Ilju-mun. It was the net of
the Dharma, and I realized that we have to build this net in everything in our
lives. We have to bring this net of energy to everything we do, otherwise we’ll
be swept away by hardships and suffering. I had such a fresh appreciation for
being able to live and practice within the temple, and felt so grateful and
filled with bliss. It really woke me up to just how much we have to work at
entrusting every single thing in our lives.
this practice of returning everything to our foundation, there must be a quiet
persistence, where we just keep at it day in and day out. One time when I was
meeting Kun Sunim, she said to me that it’s important we keep working
tenaciously at applying what we know and then experiencing it in action. I’ve
never really left the grounds of the Seon Center, nor do I feel the need. I
just keep going inwardly, experiencing, and as I do so, deep, deep faith keeps
four years after I’d become a sunim, I was sitting in meditation after the
morning ceremony, when I remembered something Kun Sunim had said, “You
sometimes need to forcefully raise the thought, ‘Juingong! Prove that you
exist!’” So I thought to myself, “Juingong, prove yourself!” And in that
instant, my right hand shot up into the air. On the one hand, I was really
surprised! But on the other, my faith became that much deeper.
it’s experiencing. Experiencing!
year, when the summer retreat season began, I started going up to the Mountain
Spirit Shrine after the morning ceremony and chanting Kun Sunim’s translation
of the Diamond Sutra. I ended up
doing this for the next 150 days. (Translator:
The shrine is a bit quiet and isolated, so it’s great for meditation or
chanting by yourself.) While Kun Sunim’s version of the Diamond Sutra is my favorite, I’ve
always felt something special for the Diamond
Sutra. The more I chanted it, the more I loved it. As the words moved
across my lips, the meaning of those words that I’d chanted so many times would
suddenly become clear to me. This happened over and over, “Ah! So that’s what
the Buddha taught us, and its underlying truth is so incredible. Even a single
word contains all the truth of the world. This practice! It’s not only sunims
who can practice relying upon and discovering their foundation. While there are
Dharma talks that Kun Sunim gave to just sunims, in terms of content, they’re
no different from her talks to lay people. She talks about the same exact
things. Experiencing! Applying and experiencing!
have to eat your own meals, don’t you? This is the foundation on which you can
stand up straight. You have to actually have faith in your own Juingong, your
foundation, and know that “This came from you, so you’re the one that can take
care of this. Here you go!” When people do this, they really become more
confident, and stand up straighter. We have to really put our hearts into
practicing, and experience this for ourselves.
you’re sincere about letting go and entrusting, then to the extent you keep
working at it, it’s as if there is a spring flowing from within us, guiding us
forward, and never drying up. You asked about the necessary attitude for
practicing, didn’t you? Well, it’s knowing that your foundation — your one mind
— is your source, and that inherently all beings share the same life, the same
mind, the same body, work together as one, and freely give and receive whatever
is needed. There’s plenty of times when, even though we’re practicing, we find
ourselves completely blocked or overwhelmed, but if we just silently go
forward, pushing forward one step at a time while entrusting everything, then
all Buddhas will be there together with us.
Daehaeng Kun Sunim always told us to teach people to have faith and to go forward letting go and observing. That way, they can experience this fundamental Buddha nature in practice. These days when life is so busy, we should at least find a few moments in the mornings and evenings to focus on entrusting whatever’s coming up, and then observing. Instead of making more and more karmic affinity with all sorts of things, we need to be spending some time unraveling what we already have. Go forward unraveling and unraveling!
So at last, I’ve done the Dharma talk for the fifth (and last) week of the Daejangbu Project! This was a bit of review, but also covered the second version of the song “A Great Being”.
There’s actually two rather different songs with this same name, one is called “A Great Being(I)” and the other is called “A Great Being(II).” So while it might seem like there’s a certain lack of creativity in the title, (lol), they are kind of bookends, with the first song showing what it takes to evolve and grow to truly become a great being, while the second describes one’s functioning at this level.
A Great Being (version 2)
This mountain, that mountain, great mountain, green mountain. Stepping down into the world, reaching up and grabbing heaven and earth, making them my hat, hanging the moon and sun from my staff, taking a drink of clear water. This life of one who has truly awakened, what more could anyone want?
This mountain, that mountain, great mountain, green mountain. Gathering all the loose strands together, forming them into a top knot, using my staff as a hair pin to hold them all steady.
Oh, what more could anyone want, than this life of a free person?
Looking up at the sky as I strike the earth with my staff, a pillar of energy rises up and penetrates the heavens, and the heavens begin to rotate around this pillar.
Pierced and connected by this lion’s pillar of fire is every being in the universe. Crossing back and forth between the realms of the living and the dead, flowing with the truth, nothing left undone, this life of a truly awakened one.
How’s that for a title! Lol. The whole idea of “Great being” (Daejangbu) is not a sense of superiority, but rather that we learn to live, to grow, beyond the animal habits that have gotten us this far. Instead of just repeating the patterns that have (sort of) worked for us up to this point, we are working at getting in touch with this energy of the whole, and trying to live in tune with this great flowing energy.
“As your practice of letting go and relying upon your foundation becomes deeper, you will go through innumerable strange and weird experiences. It’s not remotely possible for me to describe them all. How could a few words grasp this flowing that is life? If you’re walking along and you find something blocking your way, you move it or go around. You just do this and continue on.
“I’ve told you that when you unconditionally entrust something to your foundation, it responds to that because everything shares the same fundamental connection. It’s this response that’s sometimes called “Bodhisattva.” But this “Bodhisattva” functions according to the needs of the whole, and ordinary people are unable to see the overall picture.
“So when you’re dealing with all the ordinary, little things of daily life, it’s best to let go of your opinions about how they should go, and just unconditionally entrust that situation. Do this, and let go of any stray thoughts of “me” or “I did.”
“Take it all, whether it’s pleasant or unpleasant, going well or not, and entrust it there. Just go forward like this, doing your best to take care of things as they arise. If it seems like you’re surrounded by filthy water, or even clean water, don’t fall into blame or resentment. Just entrust it all to your foundation. Then it can change into water that’s useful to you.”
(From Finding a Way Forward, pages 33-35. This Dharma talk is also included in the collection, Sharing the Same Heart, which combines the English text of this Dharma talk as well as two others. This edition is also easier to find outside of Korea.)